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Table 1 Psychological indices in depressive and non-depressive schizophrenic patients

From: Depressive symptoms in schizophrenic patients

  Depressive Non-depressive P
Depressive symptoms 23.3 ± 8.7 5.7 ± 3.3 0.001
External locus of control 6.9 ± 3.1 4.7 ± 2.8 0.017
Anxiety    
   State 52.1 ± 9.6 35.3 ± 7.5 0.001
   Trait 54.3 ± 8.6 39.3 ± 7.9 0.001
Mood    
   Tense arousal 23.2 ± 4.1 17.0 ± 4.7 0.001
   Energetic arousal 24.5 ± 4.5 30.0 ± 4.2 0.001
   Hedonic tone 23.5 ± 4.5 32.6 ± 4.1 0.001
Coping with stress    
   Task-oriented 50.8 ± 10.0 59.2 ± 10.3 0.007
   Avoidance-oriented 47.5 ± 7.6 48.5 ± 6.4 0.646
substitutional activities 2.3.6 ± 4.3 22.3 ± 4.2 0.317
social interaction 15.1 ± 3.0 16.7 ± 3.1 0.074
   Emotion-oriented 50.3 ± 7.4 39.4 ± 9.2 0.001
  1. Values are means ± SD of raw scores.